ALAN WHICKER CBE
2nd August 1921 – 12th July 2013
“I ALWAYS WANTED TO WRITE,
I ALWAYS WANTED TO TRAVEL”
Aged 12 Alan Whicker was given his first typewriter – from then on his course was set.
Born in Cairo to Anne and Charles, a captain in the Hussars, Alan came to England when he was 3 years old. He was educated at Haberdashers’ Aske’s school in North London, becoming a Junior reporter on a local newspaper.
Later he joined the Army Film and Photo Unit. Serving with distinction in Italy and North Africa, he ended his military service happily editing the army newspaper from a comfortable office in Venice.
After the war he worked in Fleet Street as an agency reporter. As an unattached, expendable bachelor prepared to go anywhere at a moment’s notice, he was sent to Korea as a war correspondent …where he was subsequently reported killed. He cabled his office: Unkilled Uninjured Onpressing.
Whilst broadcasting for BBC radio in 1957, Alan was spotted by the young producer (and future BBC Director General) Alasdair Milne. Milne booked Alan for the BBC’s fledgling Tonight programme which proceeded to write the ground rules for all TV magazine programmes that would follow. “We were very much feeling our way; the vocabulary of television hadn’t been worked out by the audience or indeed by us.”
Alan’s regular international slot on Tonight set the foundation for Whicker’s World. This series of Alan’s personal reports began on the BBC in 1965 and continued on both the BBC and ITV for the next 40 years. At a time when travel was the privilege of an elite few, Alan opened a window onto the unknown, reporting from all corners of the world, from the Outback of Australia to the perfumed salons of Paris couture.
His discrete charm allowed him to access the private worlds of the rich, the powerful and the downright scary… he believed that any question could be posed as long as it was asked politely. For the first time he found his way into the strange, then very secret world of the seriously wealthy; such as those of the American oil billionaire, John Paul Getty, the Sultan of Brunei and the inventor of cat’s eyes Percy Shaw.
When Alan met Percy Shaw, the inventor of cat’s eyes, in 1968 it was never entirely clear who was interviewing whom.
Percy had a lot of questions for Alan.
Alan approached every subject with an open mind. Bullfighting , fox hunting , sexual orientation, race and class were all examined with style and balance.
He invented the ‘blue light’ programme, racing around San Francisco in the back of a police car, filmed the first gay wedding and examined Texas gun culture. The enviable popularity of his Saturday prime time reports sometimes worked against their critical appreciation but many documentarians today, such as Adam Curtis, are now recognising his considerable pioneering talent. Above all he was a journalist who did his own research; he abhorred the idea of celebrity presenters, believing his best shot was of the back of his head.
Perhaps one of his best remembered programmes is Papa Doc: The Black Sheep, in which Alan managed to interview the murderous president of Haiti, François Duvalier. Surrounded by the dictator’s notorious armed henchmen, the Tontons MaCoutes, Whicker gently asks “but Papa Doc, they say you torture people”.
Alan was able to carry on writing, travelling and filming well into his eighties: “I am one of those fortunate people whose professional and private lives blend exactly: I can’t tell which is which. My programmes are signed, they are intensely personal and, I hope, enlightened, liberal and tolerant.”
Alan died at home on the Island of Jersey in 2013.
Awards and Honours:
1964 BAFTA: Best Factual Presenter
1971 Dumont International Journalism Award for Papa Doc: The Black Sheep
1972 Best Interview Programme Award at the Hollywood Festival of World Television for Whicker’s World – Harold Robbins
1977 BAFTA: The Richard Dimbleby Award
2005 Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to broadcasting